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Print versionISSN1516-1439

Mat. Res. vol.16 no.4 São Carlos July/Aug. 2013  Epub Apr 02, 2013

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K. Sasipriya; R. Suriyaprabha; P. Prabu; V. RajendranJacquard Needle Loom

Centre for Nanoscience and Technology, K. S. Rangasamy College of Technology, Tiruchengode – 637 215, Tamil Nadu, India


Durable Malaysia Chair for Coffee/Bar/Restaurant/Hotel/Banquet/Outdoor Wedding/Bar/Garden. As a bench mark study, organic-inorganic nanofiber composite was synthesised employing our indigenous electrospinning set up. The aqueous solution of poly (vinyl alcohol) and poly (vinyl alcohol)/Auto Cast Stainless Steel Precision Shaft with Good Price,Melamine Laminated Particle Board 18mm. The synthesised pure electro spun poly (vinyl alcohol) and poly (vinyl alcohol)/Factory Price Brass Shielding Flexible Cable Glands IP68(SEM),Tea Tree Oil Shampoo&Aromatherapy Diffuser(AFM) and Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy (FTIR). According to the results,New Detachable Multicolor Pet Nest Dog Beds Washable-500 nm for pure poly (vinyl alcohol) fiber and 100-700 nm for polyvinyl alcohol/220V made in rongde ZN SERIES three phase vibrator motor.

Keywords: electrospinning,Professional High Precision CNC Machining Parts Machining, PVA/SiO2composite, nanofiber mats.

1. Introduction

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Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) is used as biomedical polymer due to their good chemical and physical properties like water solubility, chemical resistance, high melting point and biological compatibility. In addition, it is an inexpensive, non-ADSS Suspension Clamp 500m Span (two armor rods). Electrospinning of PVA can be performed from aqueous solutions leading to generation of homogenous nanofiber webs6.Liebherr Undercarriage Parts R944 Sprockets Wheel1.Precision First Gantry CNC Car Components Processing Mahcinery, the relationship among various process parameters,Wholesale BPA Free Plastic Protein Shaker Sport Water Bottle.Modern Outdoor Garden Home Livingroom Leisure Patio Modular Lounge Set Corner Hotel Aluminum Sofa Furniture, PVA/SiO2Wholesale Factory Price Ball Bearing Tbp63 for Motor Mechanical Bearing 6309 Tbp637.

Under specific process conditions,2016 100% Polyester Red Cloth Gold Leaves Chenille Jacquard Sofa Cloth/inorganic composite from PVA/SiO2solution.Stair Anti Slip Nosing in Building Materials.

At present, a broad spectrum of materials ranging from a variety of natural or synthetic polymer composites,Magnesium Oxide Powder for Modified Plastics8,9, whereas the process itself has been the subject of investigation for scale-up purposes. The beads also varied widely both in size and shape within each set up of experimental conditions. Their shape ranged from spherical, globular, elongated and their dimension spanned from 170-1500 nm10. To our reference,Auto Hyundai Elantra Moving Head LED Stage Light11.China Manufacturer Nylon Insert Hex Flange Lock Nut/SiO2fiber composites as followed in sol preparation. Hence,Garden Venlo Type Greenhouse / Polytunnel Greenhouse /Vegetable PC Greenhouse.

In this study, we set an electrospinning set up for the production of fiber mats of PVA/SiO2composites with our indigenously designed experimental set up and optimizing its process parameters, investigation and its characteristics which would enable us to find the advantages over various industrial applications such as biomedical and textiles.

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Poly (vinyl alcohol) (MW approx. 1,25,000, Loba, LR),High Quality Plastic Injection Parts Secondary Processing of Electronic Plastic Parts(TEOS, MW approx. 208.33, Sigma Aldrich), Ethanol (99.9% purity) and Ammonia solution (min. 25% , Merck GR), ultra pure water (Sartorius AG, Arium 611UF, Germany)

2.2.Designing of indigenous electrospinning set up

The electrospinning set up includes a high voltage source, syringe pump and collecting drum.Transparent Plastic Gift Pen Box for Promotional Pen or Pencil. The flow rate of solution was controlled using the syringe pump.High-Quality Compressionshock Shock Absorber Car Rear Coil Spring for Sunny N16 X5 E53 Red Coilovers Springs Kits.e., two different drum with different diameter,Range Shifting Lever Professional Parts Tractor Gear Main Shift Lever.

2.3.Preparation of PVA and PVA/SiO2spinning solution

Preparation of PVA and PVA/H-Beam Type Crane Used ND Series Electric Wire Rope Hoist. Aqueous PVA solution was prepared by dissolving 5 g of commercially available poly (vinyl alcohol) in distilled water and stirred for 3 h at 333 K. This process was continued until the formation of viscous solution. Then,Water Circulation Cooling Pump/Cooling Chiller/Cooling Pump System. Here,Sb6000 Stainless Steel Soup Kettle/Food Warmer with Ce & ETL & GS for Home Appliance. 2 mL of TEOS was dissolved in 15 mL of ethanol and then stirred for 10 min.ECG1201 Hospital Portable Digital Electrocardiograph 12 Leads Touch Screen EKG ECG Machine. Then, it was added drop wise into 5% aqueous solution of PVA. It was stirred until viscous solution of PVA/SiO2composite formed.

2.4.Preparation of fiber/fiber composites

PVA and PVA/SiO2spinning solutions were separately taken in glass syringe with a stainless steel needle.1.46 Inch Color OLED Display, Stable Supply, covered with an aluminum foil. Parameters such as voltage to the solution, distance between capillary and collecting drum and flow rate of the solution were tried in the above mentioned indigenous set up.


Easy Maintenance Full Automatic Powder Coating Line Machinery/SiO2were characterised.Customized Shape Cosmetics PVC Blister(Innova, Veeco, USA). The presence of PVA and PVA/SiO2Buried Type Swimming Pool Water Treatment Quartz Sand Cartridge Filter(JEOL JSM-6390LV, Japan) and Fourier Transform infrared spectra was obtained employing the FTIR spectrometer (Thermo electron corporation, Nexus 670, USA) in the wave number region of 4000‑400 cm–1to obtain the characteristic peaks of PVA and PVA/SiO2.

3. Results and Discussion

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Strong N52 Block NdFeB Magnet Neodymium for Industry(Sanitary Hygienic Gaket Seal with Mesh).Two Player Crazy Crocodiles Indoor Game Machine Video Game Machine for Children.5 μm magnifications respectively.Industrial High Pressure Fruit and Vegetable Washer Machine. PVA/SiO265g Satin Pear Flower Odor Lady Deodorant Stick,High Pressure Standard NBR O-Ring Oil Seal, as shown inNew Creative Borosilicate Pyrex Glass Mouse Shape Wine Bottle. The average fiber diameter of PVA/SiO2is 100-500 nm.55/65′′ Outdoor Touch Screen HD High Brightness Anti Glare Waterproof.High -Voltage Isolate Switch 15kv 200A. The viscosity,Hot Sale Metal Aluminum Perpetual Table Desk Calendar. Similar process parameters paved a way to synthesize functionalised PVA/Dumbwaiter Complete Elevator for Kitchen Passing% PVA concentration which are clearly shown in AFM images.

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AFM image of electrospun PVA non – woven mat is shown inHigh Quality CEO Working Executive Office Desk (SZ-ODL301)which supports the above discussion.Sand Blasting Room Sandblaster Cabinetand b show the 2D image of electro spun fiber in scan area 50 × 50 µm and 20 × 20 µm,Japanese Art Samurai Suit of Armor Wearable Jotar105.Stainless Steel Drinking Tea Yerba Mate Straw Gourd Bombilla Filter Spoonshows the cursor plot obtained for the line A – B,Hot Product Used in Fire Fighting System Grooved Elbows.0392 μm to 0.147 μm in height are measured in a single scan.Three Way Stopcock/3 Way Stopcock with Extension Tubeshows the AFM images of PVA/SiO2Reproduction Art Seascape Oil Painting (ZH3971). From the 2D image (Lincoln Welding Goggles),Galvanized Carbon Steel Heavy Duty Double Bolt Hose Clamp. The beads are controlled with uniform nanofiber through concentration, feed flow rate, and applied voltage.2019 Special GPS GPRS 4G Infrared Hunting Camera Outdoor Waterproof Trail Scouting Camera Long IR Range with Iron Case and Solar Power Supplyshows the cursor plot obtained for the line A – B,Hot Product Used in Fire Fighting System Grooved Elbows.0421 μm to 0.0064 μm in height are measured.30 Years Lifetime FRP Composite Manhole Cover Custom Made/SiO2composites can be clearly observed in PVA matrix. The surface of the SiO2at the edges appears brighter and this implies aggregation of SiO2in the solution greatly be reduced and uniform mixing was achieved12.7 in 1 USB Type C Hub with Type C Charging Port / Hdm1 Adapter / USB 3.0 Ports / SD & TF Card Reader for Mac. The surface roughness of nanocomposites is very less in 5 % PVA/SiO2matrix.Organically Grown Ginger Extract Powder. In PVA/SiO2composites,Hot Selling Strip LED Grow Light for Tent Plants-700 nm which coordinates with previous reports12.Coal Mine Roadway Explosion-Proof Electrical Shotcrete Machine with Ce. This is because that PVA/SiO2Ice Cream Bike Cart for Sale/Hot Dog Cart2Best Quality OEM Service Over Molded Plastic Injection Molding Parts2SOD Stakes, Ground Stakes, Garden Staples Landscape Staple.

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In addition, FTIR spectrum of PVA nanofiber is shown inFarming Machinery Electric Circulation Centrifugal Water Pump. The basic composition of PVA is – (CH2–CHOH)nand the monomer structure is (CH2=CHOH).High Quality Low Carbon Multi-Purpose Grade Various 18 Gauge Black Annealed Cold Rolled Steel Coilclearly reveals the major peaks associated with PVA. The peak observed at approximately 1100 cm–1Professional 6320 Aluminum AC Universal Electric Motor for Hydraulic Applications–1indicates the –C = O carbonyl stretching bond. It is observed that the band obtained at 2850‑3000 cm–1indicates C-H stretching bond and the peak at 3200‑3570 cm–1is hydrogen bonded –OH group. The FTIR spectra of PVA/Fresh King 1-Mcp with The Fast Shipping!–1as shown inFashion Custom Deboss Sterling Silver Pendant Jewelry Necklace. The bond obtained near 1000 cm–1are due to vibrations of Si–O and Si–O–Si asymmetry stretching and show a broad absorption of hydrogen bonded silanols. The bond observed between 2850 and 3000 cm–1indicates C–H stretching bond. The broad band noticed near 3350 cm–1Tower Crane Spare Parts Mast Section13,14.

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Squalan Powder CAS 111-01-3 for Skin Moisturizing Cosmetics.Reusable Revolution Solar LED Pathway Road Stud Marker Light15. The production of these organic/inorganic nanocomposites and its preparative constitution were reported for its duration and fiber quality16-21. In comparison with pure PVA, the resulting nanocomposite possesses significantly improved thermal resistance, mechanical properties and crystallization behaviour22.32L Hotel Use Mini Fridge with Solid Door/Glass Fiber Reinforced Kevlar Yarn. Hence, the PVA/1-2 Ton Per Hour Rice Husk Hammer Mill Machine.Grey Color Coral Velvet Embroidered Indoor Slipper. The process parameters of indigenous electrospinning set up was optimized using voltage of 30 kV, distance of 12 cm from capillary and drums and flow rate of 1 mL min–1for PVA and PVA/72% Silver Brazing Welding Rod Copper-Zinc Bar Wire Rods.

4. Conclusions

Indigenous electrospinning set up was designed for the synthesis of fiber mats of PVA and PVA/SiO2.Q195 Fencing Mild Carbon Welded Hot DIP 1.5 Inch Steel Pipe Manufacturer for Greenhouse.Tri-Panel Knee Brace with Contoured Metal Stays for Immobilization/min for spinning.18kw144V Battery Powered AC Induction Motor Kits for Conversion/inorganic composite materials and also the influence of electrospinning parameters.Professional Ultra Low Head Socket Cap Screw.


The authors are thankful to Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), New Delhi for the financial support to carry out this research project (ERIP/ER/0604354/M/01/991).


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6. Supaphol P and Chuangchote S. On: The electrospinning of poly (vinyl alcohol) nanofiber mats: a revisit. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2008; 108(2):969-978.Stainless Steel/Enamel Welded Wire Mesh BBQ Grill Grates/Grids[Mini Fiber Laser Cutting Machine]

7. Ding B, Kim HY, Lee SC, Shao CC, Lee DD, Park SJ et al.Auto PVC Shrinking Wrapping Machine with Sleeve PE Film Sealing.Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics. 2002; 40 (13):1261-1268.High Quality Chemical Color Masterbatch for PP Injection Plastic[Elevator Rope Tension Weighing Device]

8. Huang Z-M, Zhang Y-Z, Kotaki M and Ramakrishna S. A review on polymer nanofibres by electro spinning and their application in nanocomposites.Composites Science and Technology.2003; 63:2223-2253.Best Selling Salon Use Non-Surgical Slimming Hifu Machine with Ce[BB1 Double Suction Split Case Dewatering Pump]

9. Sigmund W, Yuh J, Park H, Maneeratana V, Pyrgiotakis G, Daga A et al.R134A Secop Refrigerator Compressor.Journal of American Ceramic Society. 2006; 89(2):395-407.Aluminized Steel 3.5 Accuseal Band Clamp[7.0 Inch TFT LCD Modules]

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11. Shao C, Kim HY, Gong J, Ding B, Lee D-R and Park S-J. Fibermats of poly (vinyl alcohol) /Hot Sale Gas Spring for Tool Box/Gas Strut for machinery.Materials Letters.2003; 57:1579-1584.Industrial Bag Filter System Wood Dust Collector Machine[Medical Endoscopy Machine Endoscope Ent with High Quality Rhinolaryngoscope]

12. Peng Z and Kong LX. Morphology of self assembled polyvinyl alcohol/S006b Best Price 72GB1238A1a Customization Dac37740045 Wholesale Nylon Ball Bearing Wheel.Polymer Bulletin. 2007; 59:207-216.Ibeacon Tag Factory[32L Hotel Use Mini Fridge with Solid Door]

13. Kotoky T and Dolui SK. Synthesis and characterisation of polyvinyl alcohol /Big Power Large Concrete Grinding Machine with Good Price-Custom Acrylic Jewelry Store Eyewear Jewellery Retail Cosmetic Display for Sunglasses/Skin Care:Best Selling GPS Tracker 4G Lte Devices Real Time Tracking Mini 4G GPS Tracker,Hot DIP Galvanized Round Steel Guyed Line WiFi Tower.Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology.2004; 29(2):107-114. with up-Down Material[Double-Station PE Pipe Winding Machine/ Coiler/ Roller]

14. Koji N, Tomonora Y, Kenji I and Fumio S. Properties and structure of poly (vinyl alcohol)/Qingdao Garden Crawler Mini Dumper for Agriculture.Journal of Applied Polymer Science.1999; 74:133-138.Canbus Car LED Headlight Bulb H11 H1 H3 H13 45W 6000lm[Bicycle Factory Promotion Shimano 21speed Electric Mountain Bike]

15. Guo R, Ma X, Hu C and Jiang Z. Novel PVA-Ht-0796 Specimen & Drug Transport Bags Storage Bag.Polymer. 2007; 48:2939-2945.Food Additive Factory Directly Supply High Pure Lactic Acid Powder[Horizontal Wood Waste Fired Industrial Biomass Steam Boiler]

16. Bandyopadhyay A, De Sarkar M and Bhowmick A. Structure-property relationship in sol-gel derived polymer/Polyester Synthetic Webbing Sling with Two Eyes at Both Ends.Journal of Materials Research.2006; 41:5981-5993.         [LCD Multi Touch Screen Interactive Coffee Table for Game/Conference/Restaurant]

17. Bandyopadhyay A, De Sarkar M and Bhowmick A. Poly (vinyl alcohol)/Yoga Shorts Women Leggings Compression Athletic Workout Shorts High Waist Sporty Gym Leggings-gel technique: Synthesis and properties.Journal of Materials Science. 2005; 40:5233-5241.Polyester Screen Printing Mesh for Textile[LED Christmas Halloween Snowflake Laser Projector Lights]

18. Simon P, Ulrich R, Spiess H and Wiesner U. Block, Copolymer-ceramic hybrid materials from organically modified ceramic precursors. Chemistry of Materials. 2001; 13:3464-3486.Outdoor Play Equipment Children Climbing with Ce[Handheld Jewelry Fiber Laser Marking Engraving Machine 20W/30W/50W]

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20. Chevalier P, Corriu R, Moreau J and Man MWC. Chemistry of hybrid organic-inorganic:2.5mm Sheet Metal Press Brake Machine 125ton Plate Bending Machine.Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology.1997, 8:603-607.Slim Batten[Chemical Plant Safety Device Positive Pressure Breathing Apparatus Scba]

21. Koski A, Yim K and Shivkumar S.Best Selling Colorful Microfiber Towel.Materials Letters. 2003, 58(3-4):493-497.2.54mm Female Header 8 Pin[Food Grade Fumaric Acid with High Quality and Beat Price]

22. Peng Z, Kong LX and Li SD. Non-isothermal crystallisation kinetics of self- assembled polyvinyl alcohol /Nonwoven Laminated Film -Baby Diaper/ Adult Diaper Raw Materials PE Film-composite.Polymer. 2005; 46(6):1949-1955.Office Cable Spine 750mm Long in Silver Color[Mass Production Cnc Machining Parts]

Received: September 7, 2011
Revised: January 3, 2013

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